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Phonetic description

Phonetic symbols are the symbols for recording phonemes, and are the marking symbols for phonemes. Its formulation principle is: a phoneme is represented by only one phonetic symbol, and a phonetic symbol does not only represent one phoneme (a diphthong is composed of 2 phonemes). English phonetic symbols are the symbols that record the pronunciation of English, and every English dictionary will have such a symbol system. The IPA phonetic symbol is the international standard phonetic symbol, the DJ phonetic symbol is the British English international phonetic symbol, and the KK phonetic symbol is the American English international phonetic symbol. British traditional phonetics believes that: English has 48 phonemes, and one phoneme corresponds to one phonetic symbol, so there are 48 (English) international phonetic symbols.

Phonetic transcription example vowel(23)

b ee i laz y ɪ b i t e p e n
æ c a t ɑː f a ther ɒ d o g ɔː s aw
ʊ p u t u act u al t oo ʌ l o ve
ɜː f ur ə a bout p ay əʊ g o [En]
g o [Us] b y ɔɪ j o y h ow
ɪə f ear f are ʊə c ure  


p p at b b ed t t oo d d a d
k c ap ɡ g ive ch at j et
f f all v v ery θ th in ð th at
s s ay z z oo ʃ sh ip ʒ vi s ion
h h ow m m an n n et ŋ s ing
l l et r r ed j y es w w et


1. The symbol (r) means that the English pronunciation of /r/ can be pronounced only when a word beginning with a vowel is immediately followed, such as far away, otherwise the /r/ will be omitted. In American English, all the /r/ sounds are spoken.

2. The pronunciation of /ʌ/ is slightly different in British English and American English, love [En] [Us] hut [En] [Us]

3. go British Phonetic Symbol/ɡəʊ/ [En] ,American phonetic symbols/ɡoʊ/ [Us]

4. There is no /ɒ/ in American English. Words with this vowel in British pronunciation are replaced by /ɔː/ or /ɑː/ in American English, such as dog /Dɒg/ in British English [En] ,/Dɔːɡ/ in American English [Us] ;But got /gɒt/ in British English [En] ,/gɑːt/ in American English [Us]

5. /ɪə/、/eə/、/ʊə/These three diphthongs are only found in British English. The corresponding American pronunciation is a single vowel followed by a /r/, such as fear read/fɪr/ [Us]fare read/fer/ [Us]cure read/kjʊr/ [Us]

6. /i/ and /u/ are two weak vowels. /i/ sounds like /iː/ or /ɪ/, or like the sound between the two, such as happy/hæpi/. The pronunciation of /u/ lies between /uː/ and /ʊ/.